Outriggers are essential for maintaining stability and safety when operating trucks and trailers in challenging conditions.
However, when confronted with strong currents, these stabilizing mechanisms can pose their own set of risks.
In this article, we will explore the critical safety considerations that every operator must be aware of when using outriggers in such demanding environments.
Get ready to uncover essential precautions that could potentially save lives and prevent accidents.
Risks And Incidents With Stabilisers And Outriggers
Stabilisers and outriggers are essential components of trucks, trailers, and heavy equipment that are used to ensure stability and minimize the risk of toppling. However, there have been several incidents that highlight the importance of safety considerations when using these devices, particularly in strong currents.
In February 2018, a tragic accident occurred when a worker was crushed and killed by a truck with a vehicle loading crane (VLC) that had its stabiliser extended and struck a parked vehicle. Similarly, in 2013, a cyclist lost their life when a manually-operated stabiliser on a truck unintentionally extended and caused a fatal collision. Another incident in 2016 involved an amusement ride trailer, where an outrigger swung out and hit a passing vehicle, resulting in the driver’s death.
These incidents serve as a somber reminder of the potential dangers associated with stabilisers and outriggers, especially when used in the presence of strong currents. It is crucial for operators and workers to be aware of and follow proper safety procedures to prevent accidents and protect their lives as well as those around them.
–Stabilisers and outriggers are crucial for stability and minimize the risk of toppling.
–Safety considerations are especially important in strong currents.
–Incidents like the ones mentioned illustrate the potential dangers.
–Operators and workers must be aware and follow safety procedures.
-*Prevention is key to protect lives and prevent accidents.
Factors Contributing To Stabiliser Extension
Several factors can contribute to stabiliser extension, leading to potentially dangerous situations. One common reason for stabiliser extension is the failure to return the stabiliser to the travel position after use. Operators must exercise caution and ensure that the stabilisers are properly retracted to prevent unintentional extension.
Another factor that can lead to stabiliser extension is the failure of the stabiliser restraining mechanism. It is essential for this mechanism to be adequately maintained, regularly inspected, and promptly repaired or replaced if any defects are identified. By ensuring the stabiliser restraining mechanism is in good working condition, the risk of stabiliser extension can be significantly reduced.
Additionally, the type of stabiliser being used can also influence the likelihood of extension. Hydraulically operated stabilisers, for example, are less likely to extend when faced with strong currents due to the resistance provided by the hydraulic system. This resistance helps to prevent unintentional extension and enhances overall safety during operation.
Action Required For Safety With Stabilisers And Outriggers
To ensure the safe use of stabilisers and outriggers, several actions must be taken to mitigate risks and prevent accidents.
Firstly, it is crucial to regularly inspect the components of the stabiliser or outrigger locking mechanism. This inspection should ensure that all components are in good condition, properly operated, and free from any defects that could compromise their functionality.
When it comes to manually extended VLC stabilisers, they should have two separate latching devices, one of which should be automatically operated. This redundancy in the latching devices adds an extra layer of safety and reduces the risk of unintentional extension.
Proper instruction, training, and supervision should also be provided to workers who drive vehicles with stabilisers or outriggers. This training is essential to ensure that operators are knowledgeable about proper operating procedures, safety precautions, and emergency protocols.
Owners of vehicle loading cranes without secondary locking mechanisms should consider engaging an engineer or manufacturer to redesign and modify the locking mechanism. This upgrade can help prevent unintentional extensions and enhance the overall safety of the equipment.
Safety Considerations When Using Outrigger Pads
Outrigger pads play a critical role in maintaining the stability of heavy equipment, such as cranes. They help distribute the weight of the crane, preventing sinking or tipping over. To ensure safe usage of outrigger pads, it is important to consider the following safety measures:
Select the appropriate outrigger pad: Choose a pad that matches the weight of the crane, the working surface, and the type of outrigger. This ensures proper support and reduces the risk of instability.
Clear the area: Before setting up the outrigger pads, clear the designated area of any debris or obstructions. This provides a clean and level surface for the outriggers to rest upon, ensuring maximum stability.
Proper positioning: Place the pads centered and flat on the ground under each outrigger. This arrangement helps distribute the weight evenly and provides the necessary support for the crane.
Test stability: Before commencing any work, carefully and methodically test the stability of the crane. Lower it onto the pads and ensure that it remains stable. This step helps identify any potential issues or instabilities.
Regular inspections: Conduct regular inspections of the outrigger pads to check for signs of damage or wear. If any pads are damaged or compromised, replace them promptly to ensure ongoing safety during crane operations. Additionally, avoid overloading the pads and adhere to their specified weight limits.
By following these safety considerations and taking appropriate precautions, the risk of accidents and injuries can be significantly minimized when using outriggers, even in strong currents.
Frequently Asked Questions
What type of hazards does using outriggers prevent?
Using outriggers prevents a variety of hazards associated with crane operations. The primary hazard that outriggers address is the risk of tipping or collapse. By providing additional stability and support, outriggers distribute the load more evenly, reducing the chance of the crane becoming unbalanced and potentially toppling over. Additionally, outrigger pads help to prevent accidents by creating a larger and more secure footprint for the crane, minimizing the risk of sinking into soft or unstable ground. Overall, the use of outriggers significantly enhances the safety of crane operations by mitigating the hazards of tipping, collapse, and unstable ground conditions.
When outriggers are used they must be placed on pads or a solid surface?
When utilizing outriggers, it is crucial to position them on stable ground or suitable pads. The purpose of this is to guarantee that the outrigger feet maintain full contact with a stable and level surface, securing the safety of lifting operations. In order to achieve optimum stability, it is recommended to employ outrigger pads beneath the feet, as they provide an even and secure surface for the outriggers to rest upon. By implementing these precautions, the risk of instability or accidents during lifting activities can be significantly minimized.
Why are outriggers important?
Outriggers play a vital role in ensuring stability and safety in equipment operations. By expanding the equipment’s footprint, outriggers provide a larger and more secure base for handling heavy loads. This increased stability minimizes the risk of tipping or imbalance during operations, enhancing overall safety for both the equipment operator and the surrounding environment. Additionally, the distribution of force over a larger area at the point of contact with the ground helps to prevent ground sinking or damage, especially when dealing with heavier loads. Thus, outriggers are crucial for maintaining stability, maximizing load capacity, and safeguarding against potential accidents.
What are the safety hazards of rigging?
Rigging poses significant safety hazards that can lead to severe injuries or even fatalities. One common hazard is the risk of falls, which can be caused by a variety of factors. Uneven working surfaces can make it difficult for workers to maintain their balance and increase the likelihood of a fall. Additionally, wet and slippery working surfaces can further amplify this risk, particularly when combined with the heavy machinery and equipment involved in rigging. Another potential hazard is working surfaces that are not cleared of obstructions, as these can obstruct workers’ movement and potentially lead to trips or falls. It is crucial to address these fall hazards to ensure the safety of all individuals involved in rigging operations.